200 Alabama Bicentennial

Celebrating Alabama’s 200th birthday2017 2018 2019

  • “How to Build Up a Good School in the South,” by Booker T. Washington

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 6, 7 (Civics), 10, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • “A Negro New Jerusalem”

    This article criticizes an "immigration scheme" designed to attract African American citizens to a city in the midwestern United States, where "everything will be in the hands of the negro." The article argues that because African Americans have few financial resources in the South, they will not "suddenly and by some unexplained process become rich" by moving away.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 6, 7 (Civics), 10, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Streetcars on Dexter Avenue being shut down for violating city ordinance requiring segregated street cars

    In 1906, the Montgomery City Council passed an ordinance requiring blacks and whites to ride on separate streetcars. The Montgomery Traction Company, owner of the streetcars, refused to comply because it would not have been profitable. It would have required them to run more streetcars on their existing routes. On November 23, all the streetcars were locked down in Court Square and the conductors and motormen were arrested. The shutdown lasted two hours while Montgomery Traction got a thirty-day injunction allowing them to operate as usual. A compromise was eventually reached where African Americans would ride in the back of the cars.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 6, 7 (Civics), 10, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Handbill for a fundraising barbecue held at the Rosenwald School in Chambers County

    "Booker T. Washington Jr., will be there to dedicate the new school building on Sept. 8th, at 2:00 p.m. Prof. Moton will deliver the address. Music will be furnished by the band from Tuskegee. There will be several speeches made by state officials, who promise to be present. There will be special arrangements made for the white friends. Meals served at all hours."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 6, 7 (Civics), 10, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Letter from Booker T. Washington to John B. Knox, president of the Constitutional Convention in Montgomery

    Enclosed with the letter is a petition "representing the feelings and wishes of the colored people of the State of Alabama" which Washington asks to be read during the convention.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 6, 7 (Civics), 10, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Letter from John W. Inzer to Sen. John H. Bankhead

    In the letter Inzer discusses the integrated military training camps proposed by Secretary of War Newton D. Baker. Inzer first declares himself to be "a friend to the negro" but then warns that "if the negroes & white men are placed in the same camp for soldier training, there will be blood shed and much of it and no man can prevent it." Also included is a letter from Adjutant General H. T. McCain, dated September 11; Bankhead had sent Inzer's letter to McCain, who assures him that the matter will be examined by his office. At the time these letters were written, Bankhead was representing Alabama in the United States Senate. A transcript for the first letter is included.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 6, 7 (Civics), 10, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • “Race Separation”

    This article cites a newspaper from Washington, D.C., which predicts that segregationist sentiment in the nation's capital will lead to "Jim Crow" street cars there. The article mentions that Montgomery recently adopted a city ordinance to enforce segregation in public transportation; it notes that such measures will have political implications as well.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 6, 7 (Civics), 10, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Record of Lynchings in Alabama from 1871 to 1920, compiled for the Alabama Department of Archives and History by Tuskegee Normal Institute

    Preceding the list is a letter from R. R. Moton, principal of the Institute, to Marie Bankhead Owen, director of the Archives.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 7 (Civics), 10, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Excerpts from “The Souls of Black Folk: Essays and Sketches,” by W.E.B. DuBois

    In the passage Du Bois critiques Booker T. Washington's methods for the education and assimilation of African Americans in society.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 6, 7 (Civics), 10, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Editorial from The Southern Watchman regarding the Mobile Streetcar Boycott

    The editorial addresses the stance The Mobile Register took in regards to the boycott. The author believed that theirs was the wrong one, and that there would be no appreciable gain to continue to separate the cars by race.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 6, 7 (Civics), 10, 11, 12 (US Government)

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Back to Educators » Primary Source Packets » Mines, Mills, and Mules, ca. 1877-1914