200 Alabama Bicentennial

Celebrating Alabama’s 200th birthday2017 2018 2019

  • Election returns filed with the secretary of the Alabama Territory

    The returns include the date and location of the election, as well as the number of votes received by each candidate. Both civil and military elections are included in this series. Returns were usually verified by the local sheriff or other designated manager before being sent to the governor, who then filed them with the secretary. Transcripts are included.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 7 (Civics), 10, 12 (US Government)

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  • Alabama Constitution of 1819

    The constitution includes articles on the following subjects: preamble; declaration of rights; distribution of powers; legislative department; executive department; militia; judicial department; education; impeachment; taxation; and slavery. The last 2 pages have the signatures of the 44 delegates, including the president and secretary of the convention. The constitution provides universal suffrage for white men because it contains no property, educational, or other voting qualifications. The document is written on 26 sheets of parchment, each attached to the sheet below it by blue grosgrain silk ribbon and red sealing wax; it is approximately 31 feet long.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 7 (Civics), 10, 12 (US Government)

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  • Article 3 of the Alabama Constitution of 1819

    The constitution includes articles on various subjects, and this article governs eligibility for the franchise. Alabama's first constitution allowed white males who were at least twenty-one to vote. There was no property requirement like many other constitutions at the time.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 7 (Civics), 10, 12 (US Government)

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  • Article on Education in the Alabama Constitution of 1819

    Alabama's first constitution included a provision for promoting and maintaining education in the state.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 7 (Civics), 10, 12 (US Government)

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  • Article on Slavery in the Alabama Constitution of 1819

    The 1819 Constitution included a section on the treatment and governing of slaves.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 7 (Civics), 10, 12 (US Government)

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  • Letters from J. S. W. Parkin in St. Stephens, Alabama, to John R. Parker and Parkin’s sister in Boston.

    In the first letter, written to Parker, Parkin discusses the growth of the Alabama Territory and its pending statehood: "We are so completely at the jumping off place of this world that we have nothing passing here that can interest any one at a distance. The Territory is increasing fast in population and we shall become a state at the next session of Congress." He also explains that H. Hitchcock, his brother-in-law and a member of the constitutional convention, will soon be visiting Boston. In the second letter, written below the first, Parkin sends his sister brief greetings and mentions that several people will be visiting or writing soon with more news. A transcript is included.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 7 (Civics), 10, 12 (US Government)

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  • “Admission of Alabama”

    This article anticipates the admission of Alabama to the Union and some of the things that would come with it, including "extensive and important internal improvements" along with placing the "literary character of the state upon high ground."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 7 (Civics), 10, 12 (US Government)

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  • Comments from John Williams Walker to the Convention

    This newspaper article shows the comments John Williams Walker gave to the convention after the constitution's adoption. He offers his hopes for what the constitution will shape the state of Alabama to be, noting about the document that "If it has some faults, it has at the same time, many excellencies; and for all its defects, it carries in itself the grand corrective of amendment."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 7 (Civics), 10, 12 (US Government)

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  • Letter from John Williams Walker to Charles Tait

    Walker offers gratitude to Tait for the role he played in ensuring Alabama's appointment as a territory and securing its path towards statehood.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 7 (Civics), 10, 12 (US Government)

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  • "Map of Alabama."

    This map was constructed from surveys in the General Land Office and other documents. Published in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 3, 4, 7 (Geography), 10

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