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FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION AND NAACP vs. ALABAMA (1958)

In 1958, the Court agreed with the NAACP's contention that Americans have the right to associate with others, free of governmental scrutiny. In a unanimous decision, the Court overturned both the contempt charge and the fine levied against the NAACP for failing to reveal its membership list. After state court delays in implementing the Court's original ruling, the justices finally removed all obstacles facing the NAACP in Alabama in 1964, and the organization resumed its operations.

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Law Databases

FindLaw

FindLaw's Cases and Codes section contains provisions of state and federal law. It also contains a record of state and federal case law for trial and appellate courts. The site looks at the arguments made in NAACP v. Alabama. It includes the full text of the court's opinion along with a record of various filings and motions leading to the outcome of the case.

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Oyez

Oyez.com provides a variety of resources on NAACP v. Alabama, including links to case text, audio recordings, and references. It also provides a high-level overview of the central issue addressed by the case and the court's holding along with a visual depiction of how the individual justices sided both by seniority and ideology.

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Online Reference Resources

Columbia.edu

Columbia's Global Freedom of Expression project tracks various milestones in the advancement and preservation of free speech in the United States and abroad. It provides a thorough overview of the case along with the decision's direction as it relates to free speech, a global perspective of the decision, and the case's overall significance.

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Encyclopedia of Alabama

Well-researched with helpful bibliographies, each Encyclopedia of Alabama entry is an effective jumping-off point for getting the facts of the case. Entries range from landmark court cases to influential jurists and legislators. The Encyclopedia aids in contextualizing NAACP v. Alabama as part of Alabama history and provides implications of the decision for the state's future.

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MTSU First Amendment Encyclopedia

Published by Middle Tennessee State University, the First Amendment Encyclopedia houses more than 1,500 articles on First Amendment topics, court cases, and history. This online encyclopedia does a good job of explaining the impact of NAACP v. Alabama on our understanding of the freedom of association.

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Archival Resources

Library of Congress

A hard copy of the opinion can be found in U.S. Reports Volume 357. The Library of Congress has a PDF from one of these reporters.

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New York Times Archives

Archived story from the New York Times from June 6, 1964 providing a deep dive into national sentiments regarding NAACP v. Alabama. Viewers can see both a transcript of the article and how it originally appeared in the physical edition of the paper.

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Visit an Alabama Museum!

Alabama Department of Archives and History

www.archives.state.al.us

Birmingham Civil Rights Institute

www.bcri.org

Civil Rights Memorial

www.splcenter.org/civil-rights-memorial

Freedom Rides Museum

ahc.alabama.gov/properties/freedomrides/freedomrides.aspx

Rosa Parks Museum

troy.edu/rosaparks